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Journal Index

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Spring 2021 Volume 31 Number 1

“Queer Rumors: Protestant Ministers, Unnatural Deeds, and Church Censure in the Twentieth-Century United States,” by Suzanna Krivulskaya

ABSTRACT Over the course of the twentieth century, dozens of conservative Protestant ministers were accused of sexual deviance—including instances of same-sex acts and attractions. Protestant churches, in turn, experimented with employing various tactics to undermine and challenge such accusations. From silencing and secrecy to public censure and disassociation, denominational bodies labored to undermine evidence of queerness among their ministers. This essay surveys a one-hundred-year history of religious groups’ and institutions’ attempts at dealing with the uncomfortable but persistent allegations of not-quite-straightness among their leaders. This story accounts for how conservative Protestantism has been able to maintain its claims to a particular kind of sexual morality even as religious leaders themselves have repeatedly jeopardized this project.

“The 1940s as the Decade of the Anti-Antisemitism Novel,” by Rachel Gordan

ABSTRACT This article examines the anti-antisemitism novels of the 1940s as an indication of the decade’s changing attitudes toward Jews, antisemitism, and religious pluralism, and so contributes to scholarly research on both social protest literature and mid-twentieth-century American religious culture. Recent scholarship has shown that American Jews responded to the Holocaust earlier than had previously been assumed. The anti-antisemitism novels of the 1940s were one of the popular culture arenas in which this response to the horrors of Nazi Germany occurred, as fiction proved an ideal genre for imagining and presenting possible solutions to the problem of antisemitism. These solutions often involved a change from a racial to a religious conception of Jews. Laura Z. Hobson’s Gentleman’s Agreement (1947) was the most culturally significant of this 1940s genre of anti-antisemitism novels (a subgenre of social protest literature), in part because of its foregrounding of non-Jewish responses to antisemitism. Archival research into the roots of Hobson’s novel reveals that news of other female authors writing popular anti-antisemitism fiction encouraged Hobson, allowing Hobson to feel part of a movement of anti-antisemitism writers that would eventually extend to her readers, as demonstrated by readers’ letters. Although Will Herberg’s Protestant, Catholic, Jew (1955) is frequently cited as the midcentury book that heralded a postwar shift toward religious pluralism, the anti-antisemitism novels of the 1940s reveal signs of this shift a decade earlier.

“How to Read This Book: Jewish Lights Publishing and the Pragmatics of Spiritual Reading,” by Arielle Levites

ABSTRACT This paper considers how print culture was mobilized in the early 1990s to transmit spiritual beliefs, experiences, and emotions through an examination of the pragmatics of reading endorsed by Jewish Lights Publishing (founded in 1990). Using interviews, advertisements, internal memos, books, jacket copy, and reviews, this study reconstructs the ecology out of which Jewish Lights Publishing emerged, as well as the goals and assumptions about Judaism, Jews, and books that animated the creation of a new, and specifically spiritual, Jewish press. I argue that what makes Jewish Lights a spiritual press is not only the content and design of the books, but also the instructions the press offers for how to use the books it produces. This paper is not only about the production and circulation of spiritual Jewish books, but the production and circulation of beliefs about what spiritual Jewish books do for an imagined community of readers.

“Gospel of Gold: Unearthing Religious Spaces in the Nineteenth-Century American West,” by Brennan Keegan

ABSTRACT Like much of the American West, a history of material conquest and natural resource extraction has precluded sustained study of Montana’s religious past. This article uses the case of gold miners in the southwestern corner of the Territory of Montana from 1862 to 1889 to argue for the value of place-based studies of American religious experience. Rather than serving as a restrictive lens, place-based studies reveal religion in process. In Montana gold mining communities, religion was produced and reproduced through the labors of daily life, intricately tied to the limits and possibilities of place, never static or complete. Protestant missionaries adopted alternative tools of evangelism to fit the particularities of place. Those who succeeded found that the “get-saved-quick” approach of revivals appealed to the “get-rich-quick” lifestyle of mining communities. Dominated by male miners, defined by physical toil for uncertain reward, and subject to national economic trends, gold rush communities reveal how religion shifts and transforms in relation to labor, gender relations, and the natural world. Situated at the nexus of mineral extraction and missionary adaptation and appropriation, this article reflects on the ways in which religion in the United States develops across borders and through practical engagement with regional landscapes.

Fall 2020 Volume 30 Number 3

“Charts, Indexes, and Files: Surveillance, Information Management, and the Visualization of Subversion in Mainline Protestantism,” by Michael J. McVicar

ABSTRACT This essay explores how some Americans came to view the Federal Council of Churches (FCC) and, more broadly, ecumenical mainline Protestantism as a threat to the national security interests of the United States. By focusing on the efforts of various elements in the federal bureaucracy—including the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Chemical Warfare Service, and Military Intelligence—and the work of average Americans to investigate the FCC, the essay examines how techniques of surveillance and information management helped shape the way Americans came to understand religion in the twentieth century. The essay develops three interconnected themes: first, the rise of America’s national security surveillance establishment in the United States after World War I; second, the development of new methods of information management and visualization in corporate and state bureaucracies; and, third, the rise of voluntary, private surveillance in the wake of World War I. Through these three themes, the essay highlights how a network of federal bureaucrats, business leaders, and average citizens used graphs, indexes, and files to interpret mainline, ecumenical Christianity as a threat to domestic security in the United States. Ultimately, the project suggests that scholarly efforts to assess fissures in U.S. Protestantism have focused too much on controversies over belief and theology—especially those related to evolutionary theory, eschatology, and scriptural inerrancy—and paid far too little attention to the emerging bureaucratic systems of state and corporate surveillance that helped to document, visualize, and disseminate these accusations in the first place.

“Born Again Black Panther: Race, Christian Conservatism, and the Remaking of Eldridge Cleaver,” by Dan Wells

ABSTRACT When Eldridge Cleaver, the former Black Panther Party Minister of Information, returned to the United States in November 1975, he claimed to have surrendered his life to Christ and conservatism. Utilizing the Eldridge Cleaver Papers housed at the Bancroft Library, this article recounts the transformation of Eldridge Cleaver from radical Black Panther to born-again Christian and anticommunist crusader. Cleaver’s story of transformation demonstrates the pervasive power of the twentieth-century crusade against communism and the manner in which American conservatism created distinct categories of race that were written on the mind, body, religious belief, and practice of Eldridge Cleaver. This article highlights how conservatives enacted a program of racial respectability, remaking Eldridge in the image of conservative, capitalist, Christian whiteness. Cleaver was stripped of his “blackness,” a conservative effort to distance him from the “volatile black figures” of the mid-twentieth century. If Cleaver held on to any vestige of his old life—his leather jacket, “regional euphemisms,” liberationist ideology, and even his Afro hairstyle—his new life would be useless to conservatives. This article illustrates how Cleaver participated in a global crusade that sought to maintain and extend the unifying commitments of twentieth-century religious conservatism. Those commitments included (1) the commercial, economic, and political interests that produced, funded, and policed conservatism; (2) traditional white, middle-class family values; and (3) political, racial, gendered, and religious understandings of the citizen subject. Eldridge Cleaver and his anticommunist crusade are windows into the distinct categories of religion, politics, and race—Christianity, conservatism, and white respectability—constructed and enacted by American conservatives in the twentieth century.

“The Greatest Movie Never Made: The Life of the Buddha as Cold War Politics,” by Laura Harrington

ABSTRACT This article explores the backstory of a 1953 screenplay on the life of the Buddha conceived by the CIA as a psychological warfare strategy to draw Asian Buddhists away from the Communist orbit and into the Free World. Developed in collaboration with Ceylonese Buddhist scholar G. P. Malalasekera, Tathagata: The Wayfarer (hereafter, Wayfarer) is best read through the lens of the U.S. Campaign of Truth propaganda effort launched by Truman in 1950. I draw on declassified government documents and archives to highlight the screenplay’s trajectory as a covert attempt by the U.S. government to work with Asian Buddhists to further U.S. foreign policy needs in Asia and to demonstrate a truth rarely recognized by scholars of religion and American culture: For the early Cold War American state, Buddhism was an object of foreign policy.

“Pentecostals, Israel, and the Prophetic Politics of Dominion,” by Joseph Williams

ABSTRACT This essay traces the evolution of a specific tradition of prophecy interpretation in U.S. pentecostal-charismatic circles, which I dub the “prophetic politics of dominion.” From the start, this strain of pentecostal-charismatic religiosity merged transnational sensibilities with dominion-style language but typically shied away from overt political organization. Building on Israel-themed symbols and ideas acquired from nineteenth-century evangelical prophecy interpretation, a small but influential group of white proto-pentecostals and early pentecostals embraced a distinctive set of eschatological teachings known as British Israelism and its attendant literal racial identification of Anglo-Saxons with Jews. Such emphases bolstered a conviction that spirit-empowered Christians would exert significant influence on global politics prior to the Second Coming of Jesus. In the ensuing decades, a vocal minority of notable pentecostals and their charismatic successors kept alive similar emphases even as they eschewed the highly racialized conceptions of pentecostal connections to the “Lost Tribes of Israel.” More comfortable employing Christian millennial tropes than engaging pragmatic politics, these figures, nevertheless, anticipated the rapid Christianization of society and their own ascendance to positions of spiritual and temporal power in preparation for Christ’s return. All the while, Israel-centric symbols and identities remained central. The crystallization of this transnational, dominion-now tradition, with its unique Israel-centric emphases and millennial motifs, represented one of the most significant—and most misunderstood—contributions to evangelical politics by U.S. pentecostals and charismatics over the course of the twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

Spring 2020 Volume 30 Number 2

“FORUM: How the Coronavirus Pandemic Will Change Our Future Teaching,” with contributions by Rebecca Barrett-Fox, Brandon Bayne, Valerie Cooper, Gastón Espinoso

“‘Deplorable Exegesis’: Dick Gregory’s Irreverent Scriptural Authority in the 1960s and 1970s,” by Vaughn Booker

“‘Real Good and Sincere Catholics’: White Catholicism and Massive Resistance to Desegregation in Chicago, 1965-1968,” by Matthew J. Cressler

“Antimodernism and Orthodox Judiasm’s Heretical Imperative: An American Religious Counterpoint,” by Zev Eleff and Seth Farber

Winter 2020 Volume 30 Number 1

“Conservative Christianity and the Creation of Alternative News: An Analysis of Focus on the Family’s Multi-Media Empire,” by Susan B. Ridgely

“From Aesthetics to Experience: How Changing Conceptions of Prayer Changed the Sound of Jewish Worship,” by Ari Y. Kelman and Jeremiah Lockwood​

“Capital & the Cathedral: Robert H. Schuller’s Continual Fundraising for Church Growth,” by Gerardo Marti​ and Mark T. Mulder

“White Evangelicals as ‘a people’: The Church Growth Movement from India to the United States,” by Jesse Curtis

Autumn 2019 Volume 29 Number 3

“Daʿwa in the Neighborhood: Female-Authored Muslim Students’ Association Publications, 1963–1980,” by Justine Howe

“‘A Higher and Purer Shape’: Kaufmann Kohler’s Jewish Orientalism and the Construction of Religion in Nineteenth-Century America,” by Evan Goldstein

“‘Holy Ghost Tribe:’ The Needles Revival and the Origins of Pentecostalism,” by Skyler Reidy

“‘Fighting Spirit’: World War I and the YMCA’s Allied Boxing Program,” by Adam Park

Summer 2019 Volume 29 Number 2

“FORUM: The Religious Situation, 1968 (Part 2),” with contributions by Irene Oh, Richard Flory, Rebecca C. Bartel, John Modern, Joseph Winters, Lila Corwin Berman, Kathryn Lofton

“A Prophetic Guide for a Perplexed World: Louis Finkelstein and the 1940 Conference on Science, Philosophy, and Religion,” by Cara Rock-Singer

“‘The world food crisis is not a fad’: The More-with-Less Cookbook and Protestant Environmental Spirituality,” by Kevin Stewart Rose

“The Difference Denominations Made: Identifying the Black Church(es) and Black Religious Choices of the Early Republic,” Kyle T. Bulthuis


Winter 2019 Volume 29 Number 1

“FORUM: The Religious Situation, 1968,” with contributions by Kathleen Holscher, Jonathan Ebel, Jana Riess, Joseph L. Tucker Edmonds, Angie Heo, Ari Y. Kelman

“American Catholics and ‘The Use and Abuse of Reading,’ 1865–1873,” by Erin Bartram

“‘Development of Body, Mind, and Soul:’ Paramahansa Yogananda’s Marketing of Yoga-Based Religion,” by Dave Neumann

“The Parliament of Empire: Charles Bonney’s American Vision,” by Lucia Hulsether


Summer 2018 Volume 28 Number 2

“God, Country, and Anita Bryant: Women’s Leadership and the Politics of the New Christian Right,” by Emily Suzanne Johnson

“Fortune Telling and American Religious Freedom,” by Charles McCrary

“’Termites in the Temple’: Fundamentalism and Anti-Liberal Politics in the Post–World War II South,” by Elizabeth Fones-Wolf and Ken Fones-Wolf

“Agreeing to Disagree: American Orthodox Jewish Scientists’ Confrontation with Evolution in the 1960s,” by Rachel S. A. Pear


Winter 2018 Volume 28 Number 1

“Bureau Clergyman: How the FBI Colluded with an African American Televangelist to Destroy Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,” by Lerone Martin

“The Historyless Heathen and the Stagnating Pagan: History as Non-Native Category?,” by Kathryn Gin Lum

“Contesting Civil Religion: Religious Responses to American Patriotic Nationalism, 1919-1929,” by Michael Lienesch

“The Evolution of American Airport Chapels: Local Negotiations in Religiously Pluralistic Contexts,” by Wendy Cadge


Summer 2017 Volume 27 Number 2

“The World Day of Prayer: Ecumenical Churchwomen and Christian Cosmopolitanism, 1920-1946,” by Gale L. Kenny

“Constructing a Plan for Survival: Scientology as Cold War Psychology,” by Robert Genter

“Worship Wars, Gospel Hymns, and Cultural Engagement in American Evangelicalism, 1890-1940,” by Tamara J. Van Dyken

“‘If There Were One People’: Francis Weninger and the Segregation of American Catholicism,” by David Komline


Winter 2017  Volume 27  Number 1

FORUM: “Studying Religion in the Age of Trump,” with contributions by Randal Balmer, Kate Bowler, Anthea Butler, Maura Jane Farrelly, Wes Markofski, Robert Orsi, Jerry Z. Park and James Clark Davidson, Matthew Avery Sutton, and Grace Yukich

“‘Satan Mourns Naked upon the Earth’: Locating Mormon Possession and Exorcism Rituals in the American Religious Landscape, 1830-1977,” by Stephen Taysom

“Lineage Matters: DNA, Race, and Gene Talk in Judaism and Messianic Judaism,” Sarah Imhoff and Hillary Kaell


Summer 2016 Volume 26 Number 2

“Ordering Antimony: An Analysis of Early Mormonism’s Priestly Offices, Councils, and Kinship,” by Kathleen Flake

“Evangelicals and Unevangelicals: The Contested History of a Word, 1500-1900,” by Linford D. Fisher

“For God and Country: Religious Minorities Striving for National Belonging through Community Service,” by Rosemary R. Corbett

“Before Hinduism: Missionaries, Unitarians, and Hindoos in Nineteenth-Century America,” by Michael J. Altman


Winter 2016 Volume 26 Number 1

“Prayer is the answer”: Apocalypticism, Our Lady, and Catholic Identity,” by Jill Krebs

“Declension Comes Home”: Cotton Mather, Male Youth Rebellion, and the Hope of Providential Affliction in Puritan New England,” David Setran

“Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Long Social Gospel Movement,” by Vaneesa Cook

“Evolution and Voices of Progressive Catholicism in the Age of the Scopes Trial,” by Alexander Pavuk


Summer 2015 Volume 25 Number 2

FORUM: “The Role and Future of Academic Journals,” with contributions by Ava Chamberlain, Christopher Evans, Curtis Evans, and Paul Harvey

“Working Jews: Hazanim and the Labor of Religion in Nineteenth-Century America,” by Shari Rabin

“From Sputnik to Spaceship Earth: American Catholics and the Space Age,” by Catherine Osborne

“Beyond Parish Boundaries: Black Catholics and the Quest for Racial Justice,” by Karen J. Johnson


Winter 2015 Volume 25 Number 1

“’An Authentic Record of My Race’: Exploring the Popular Narratives of African American Religion in the Music of Duke Ellington,” by Vaughn Booker

“’Practical Outlet’ to Premillennial Faith: G. Douglas Young and the Evolution of Christian Zionist Activism in Israel,” by Daniel G. Hummel

“Chrismukkah: Millennial Multiculturalism,” by Samira K. Mehta

“Liberal Protestants and Urban Renewal,” by Mark Wild


Summer 2014 Volume 24 Number 2

“Jesus Didn’t Tap: Masculinity, Theology, and Ideology in Christian Mixed Martial Arts,” by Justine Greve

“Bigger, Better, Louder: The Prosperity Gospel’s Impact on Contemporary Christian Worship, by Kate Bowler and Wen Reagan

“‘The Quiet Revivial’: New Immigrants and the Transformation of Christianity in Greater Boston,” by Marilyn Johnson

“Youth, Christianity, and the Crisis of Civiliation, 1930-45,” by Thomas E. Bergler


Winter 2014 Volume 24 Number 1

FORUM: “Religion and the Biographical Turn,” by Leigh Eric Schmidt, Catherine Brekus, Nick Salvatore, Matthew Avery Sutton, and Debby Applegate

“‘If a War It May Be Called’: The Peace Policy with American Indians,” by Jennifer Graber

“Religion, ‘Moral Insanity’, and Psychology in Nineteenth–Century America,” by Jodie Boyer

“The Politicization of Family Life: How Headship became Essential to Evangelical Identity in the Late Twentieth Century,” by Anneke Stasson


Summer 2013  Volume 23  Number 2

“‘Modern Christianity Is Ancient Judaism’: Rabbi Gustav Gottheil and the Jewish-American Religious Future, 1873–1903,” by Caleb J. D. Maskell

“Faith Healing, Medical Regulation, and Public Religion in Progressive Era Chicago,” by Timothy E. W. Gloege

“‘Just a Bunch of Agitators’: Kneel-Ins and the Desegregation of Southern Churches,” by Joseph Kip Kosek

“Antirevivalism and Its Discontents: Liberal Evangelicalism, the American City, and the Sunday School, 1900–1929,” by Matthew Bowman


Winter 2013  Volume 23  Number 1

Forum: “Contemporary Mormonism: America’s Most Successful ‘New Religion,'” with contributions
by Terryl L. Givens, Kathryn Lofton, Laurie Maffly-Kipp, and Patrick Q. Mason

“The Humbug in American Religion: Ritual Theories of Nineteenth-Century Spiritualism,” by David Walker

“‘Doubts still assail me’: Uncertainty and the Making of the Primitive Baptist Self in the Antebellum United States,” by Joshua Guthman

“Yoga for the New Woman and the New Man: The Role of Pierre Bernard and Blanche DeVries in the Creation of Modern Postural Yoga,” by Joseph Laycock


Summer 2012  Volume 22  Number 2

Review Essay: “The Quest for Green Religion,” by Mark Stoll

“‘According to His Own Judgment’: The American Catholic Encounter with Organic Evolution, 1856-1896,” by David Mislin

“The Death of Mormon Separatism in American Universities, 1877-1896,” by Thomas W. Simpson

“American Saints: Gender and the Re-Imagining of U.S. Catholicism in the Early Twentieth Century,” by Kathleen Sprows Cummings

“Broadcasting Mainline Protestantism: The Chicago Sunday Evening Club and the Evolution of Audience Expectations from Radio to Television,” by Michael Stamm


Winter 2012  Volume 22  Number 1

Forum: “American Religion and the Old and New Immigration,” with contributions by Jenna Weissman Joselit, Timothy Matovina, Roberto Suro, and Fenggang Yang

“Permission to Dissent: Civil Religion and the Radio Western, 1933-1960,” by Kip Anthony Wedel

“The Measure of a Magazine: Assessing the Influence of Christian Century,” by Elesha Coffman

“‘Outside the Shul’: The American Soviet Jewry Movement and the rise of Solidarity Orthodoxy, 1964-1986,” by Adam S. Ferziger


Summer 2011  Volume 21  Number 2

Review Essay: “Past Practices—Ethnography and American Religion,” by Courtney Bender

“‘Until This Curse of Polygamy is Wiped Out’: Black Methodists, White Mormons, and Constructions of Racial Identity in the Late Nineteenth Century,” by James B. Bennett

“A Sane Gospel: Radical Evangelicals, Psychology, and Pentecostal Revival in the Early Twentieth Century,” by Heather Curtis

“An ‘Aristocracy of Virtue’: Cultural Development of the American Catholic Priesthood, 1884-1920s,” by Donna J. Drucker


Winter 2011  Volume 21  Number 1

Forum: “American Scriptures,” with contributions by Philip L. Barlow, Paul S. Boyer, Cheryl Townsend Gilkes, Mark A. Noll, and Claudia Setzer

“‘The Secret at the Root’: Performing African American Religious Modernity in Hall Johnson’s Run, Little Chillun,”by Judith Weisenfeld

“Identity Politics and the Fragmenting of the 1970s Evangelical Left,” by David R. Swartz

“‘Last Night, I Prayed to Matthew:’ Matthew Shepard, Homosexuality, and Popular Martyrdom in Contemporary America,” by Scott W.Hoffman


Summer 2010  Volume 20  Number 2

Review Essay: “Religion and the American Presidency,” by Frank Lambert

“The Rise of Black Ethnics: The Ethnic Turn in African American Religions, 1916-1945,” by Sylvester A. Johnson

“Developing the ‘Christian Gentleman’: The Medieval Impulse in Protestant Ministry to Adolescent Boys, 1890-1920,” by David P. Setran

“The Preacher’s Blues: Religious Race Records and Claims of Authority on Wax,” by Jonathan L. Walton

“In the Eye of the Beholder: Perspectives on Intermarriage Conversion in Orthodox Christian Parishes in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania,” by Amy Slagle


Winter 2010  Volume 20 Number 1

Forum: “American Religion and Scholarly Publishing: Restrospect and Prospect,” with contributions by John Corrigan, Elaine Maisner, Reed Malcolm, and John Wilson

“Garveyism and the Eschatology of African Redemption in the Rural South, 1920-1936,” by Jarod Roll

“Breaking Faith: Religion, Americanism, and Civil rights in Postwar Milwaukee,” by Kevin D. Smith

“Mourning Becomes Hers: Women, Tradition, and Memory Albums,” by Anne Blue Wills


Summer 2009  Volume 19  Number 2

Review Essay: “Religion, War, and the Meaning of America,” by Harry S. Stout

“Tamales on the Fourth of July: The Transnational Parish of Coeneo, Michoacán,” by Luis E. Murillo

“The Bible, the First Amendment, and the Public Schools in Odessa, Texas,” by Mark A. Chancey

“The Zen of Anarchy: Japanese Exceptionalism and the Anarchist Roots of the San Francisco Poetry Renaissance,” by James Brown

“The International Social Turn: Unity and Brotherhood at the World’s Parliament of Religions, Chicago, 1893,” by Amy Kittelstrom


Winter 2009  Volume 19  Number 1

Forum: “American Religion and ‘Whiteness,'” with contributions by Edward J. Blum, Tracy Fessenden, Prema Kurien, and Judith Weisenfeld

“The Remaking of the Catholic Working Class: Detroit, 1919-1945,” by Matthew Pehl

“‘Representatives of All That Is Noble’: The Rise of the Episcopal Establishment in Early-Twentieth-Century Philadelphia,” by Thomas F. Rzeznik

“Twenty-First-Century American Ghosts: The After-Death Communication—Therapy and Revelation from beyond the Grave,” by Susan Kwilecki


Summer 2008  Volume 18  Number 2

Review Essay: “Where the Action Is-—Law, Religion, and the Scholarly Divide,” by Sarah Barringer Gordon

“Racial Identity and the Civilizing Mission: Double Consciousness at the 1895 Congress in Africa,” by Paul W. Harris

“‘Terrible Laughing God’: Challenging Divine Justice in African American Antilynching Plays, 1916-1945,” by Craig Prentiss

“‘It is a Day of Judgment’: The Peacemakers, Religion, and Radicalism in Cold War America,” by Leilah Danielson


Winter 2008  Volume 18  Number 1

Forum: “Religion and Politics on the American Scene,” with contributions by Daniel Walker Howe, Sheila Suess Kennedy, Kevin Phillips, and Winnifred Fallers Sullivan

“Why Southern Gospel Music Matters,” by Douglas Harrison

“The Religious and Racial Meanings of The Green Pastures,” by Curtis J. Evans

“Framing Catholicism: Jack Chick’s Anti-Catholic Cartoons and the Flexible Boundaries of the Culture Wars,” by Michael Ian Borer and Adam Murphree

“The Greening of American Catholicism: Identity, Conversion, and Continuity,” by Keith Douglass Warner, O.F.M.


Summer 2007  Volume 17  Number 2

Review Essay: “Rethinking the American Jewish Historical Experience,” by Marc Lee Raphael

“‘Congenial to Almost Every Shade of Radicalism’: The Delaware Valley and the Success of Early Mormonism,” by Stephen J. Fleming

“Southern Harmony: Catholic-Protestant Relations in the Antebellum South,” by Andrew Stern

“After the Exodus: The New Catholics in Boston’s Old Ethnic Neighborhoods,” by Regine O. Jackson

“‘And the Word was Made Flesh’: Divining the Female Body in Nineteenth-Century American and Catholic Culture,” by Marie Pagliarini


Winter 2007  Volume 17  Number 1

Forum: “How the Study of Religion and American Culture has Changed at Your Institution in the Past Decade,” with contributions by Catherine L. Albanese, W. Clark Gilpin, Leigh E. Schmidt, and Thomas A. Tweed

“The Church Historians Who Made the First Amendment What it is Today,” by Donald Drakeman

“Beautiful Women Who Dig Graves: Richard Baker-roshi, Imported Buddhism, and the Transmission of Ethics at the San Francisco Zen Center,” by Jason Bivens

“Sin, Spirituality, and Primitivism: The Theologies of the American Social Gospel,” by Matthew Bowman


Summer 2006  Volume 16  Number 2

Review Essay: “American Catholic Studies at a Crossroads,” by Paula Kane

“And Ever the Twain Shall Meet: The Holiness Missionary Movement and the Birth of World Pentecostalism, 1870-1920,” by Jay R. Case

“A Chosen People in a Pluralist Nation: Horace Kallen and the Jewish-American Experience,” by Daniel Greene

“‘The Right Achieved and the Wrong Way Conquered’: J.H. Jackson, Martin Luther King, Jr., and the Conflict over Civil Rights,” by Wallace Best

“Minds Intensely Unsettled: Phrenology, Experience, and the American Pursuit of Spiritual Assurance, 1830-1880,” by Christopher G. White


Winter 2006  Volume 16  Number 1

Forum: “Electronic Media and the Study of American Religion,” with contributions by John Corrigan, David Morgan, Mark Silk, and Rhys H. Williams

“How the Irish became Protestant in America,” by Michael P. Carroll

“‘Monkeying with the Bible’: Edgar J. Goodspeed’s American Translation,” by R. Bryan Bademan

“The Preacher Paradigm: Promotional Biographies and the Modern-Made Evangelist,” by Kathryn E. Lofton


Summer 2005  Volume 15  Number 2

Review Essay: “American Religious Biography,” by Amanda Porterfield

“Native American Popular Religion in New England’s Old Colony, 1670-1770,” by Douglas Winiarski

“Sex in the City of God: Free Love and the American Millennium,” by Cathy Gutierrez

“The Beauty of the Lilies: Femininity, Innocence, and the Sweet Gospel of Uldine Utley,” by Kristin Kobes Du Mez


Winter 2005  Volume 15  Number 1

Forum: “American Religion and Class,” with contributions by David Hackett, Laurie Maffly-Kipp, R. Laurence Moore, and Leslie Tentler

“Sacred Sites: Nature and Nation in the U.S. National Parks,” by Lynn Ross-Bryant

“The Radicalization of the Social Gospel: Harry F. Ward and the Search for a New Social Order, 1898-1936,” by Doug Rossinow

“Morality for the ‘Democracy of God’: George Albert Coe and the Liberal Protestant Critique of American Character Education, 1917-1940,” by David P. Setran


Summer 2004  Volume 14  Number 2

“Passing as a Pastor: Clerical Imposture in the Colonial Atlantic World,” by Thomas Kidd

“The Politics of Ecumenical Disunity: The Troubled Marriage of Church World Service and the National Council of Churches,” by Jill K. Gill

“Mugwump Cartoonists, the Papacy, and Tammany Hall in America’s Gilded Age,” by Samuel J. Thomas

“Why Women Loved Billy Sunday: Urban Revivalism and Popular Entertainment in Early Twentieth-Century American Culture,” by Margaret Bendroth


Winter 2004  Volume 14  Number 1

Forum: “How I Have Changed My Mind,” with contributions by Catherine L. Albanese, Vine Deloria, Jr., Robert Ellwood, Andrew Greeley, and John F. Wilson

“‘The Christianization’ of Israel and Jews in 1950s America,” by Michele Mart

“The Robes of Womanhood: Dress and Authenticity among African American Methodist Women in the Nineteenth Century,” by Pamela Klassen

“‘Race’ Speech-‘Culture’ Speech-‘Soul’ Speech: The Brief Career of Social Science Language in American Religion during the Fascist Era,” by Anne C. Rose


Summer 2003  Volume 13  Number 2

Review Essay: “What is the Place of ‘Experience’ in Religious History?” by David D. Hall

“Hasidism in the Age of Aquarius: The House of Love and Prayer in San Francisco, 1967-1977,” by Yaakov Ariel

“Mission to America: The Reform Movement’s Missionary Experiments, 1919-1960,” by Lila Corwin Berman

“‘Praying for a Wicked City’: Congregation, Community, and the Suburbanization of Fundamentalism,” by Darren Dochuck


Winter 2003  Volume 13  Number 1

Forum: “The Years Ahead in Scholarship,” with contributions by Leigh E. Schmidt, Deborah Dash Moore, Richard T. Hughes, and Mark Valeri

“Women and Christian Practice in a Mahican Village,” by Rachel Wheeler

“Re-placing Memory: Latter-day Saint Use of Historical Monuments and Narrative in the Early Twentieth Century,” by Kathleen Flake

“‘My God and My Good Mother’: The Irony of Horace Bushnell’s Gendered Republic,” by Mark Edwards


Summer 2002  Volume 12  Number 2

Review Essay: “Local ‘Lived’ Religion in America,” by Rhys H. Williams

“Mystery of the Moorish Science Temple: Southern Blacks and American Alternative Spirituality in 1920s Chicago,” by Susan Nance

“Islamizing the Black Body: Ritual and Power in Elijah Muhammad’s Nation of Islam,” by Edward E. Curtis IV

“‘Heathens and Infidels’? African Christianization and Anglicanism in the South Carolina Low Country, 1700-1750by Annette Laing

“‘Gods of Physical Violence, Stopping at Nothing’: Masculinity, Religion, and Art in the Work of Zora Neale Hurston,” by Peter Powers


Winter 2002  Volume 12  Number 1

Forum: “Teaching the Introductory Course in American Religion,” with contributions by Thomas A. Tweed, Grant Wacker, Jon Pahl, Valarie H. Ziegler, William D. Dinges

“Peace of Mind (1946): Judaism and the Therapeutic Polemics of Postwar America,” by Andrew R. Heinze

“The Influence of American Missionary Women on the World Back Home,” by Dana L. Robert

“The Evil of Abortion and the Greater Good of the Faith: Negotiating Catholic Survival in the Twentieth-Century American Health Care System,” by Kathleen M. Joyce


Summer 2001  Volume 11  Number 2

“Body Salvation: New Thought, Father Divine, and the Feast of Material Pleasures,” by R. Marie Griffith

“Curious Gentiles and Representational Authority in the City of the Saints,” by Eric A. Eliason

“Hollywood Theology: The Commodification of Religion in Twentieth-Century Films,” by Jeffery A. Smith

“Describing the Elephant: Buddhism in America,” by Peter N. Gregory


Winter 2001  Volume 11  Number 1

Forum: “American Religious People as ‘Other'”, with contributions by David Chidester, Sung Gyung Kim, Knud Krakau, M. Thomas Thangaraj

Review Essay: “An Edwards for the Millennium,” by Bruce Kuklick

“The Emergence of California in American Religious Historiography,” by Eldon G. Ernst

“Giving Voice to Place: Three Models for Understanding American Sacred Space,” by Belden C. Lane

“Of Markets and Missions: The Early History of the Universal Fellowship of Metropolitan Community Churches,” by Melissa M. Wilcox


Summer 2000  Volume 10  Number 2

Review Essay: “Religion Goes to the Movies,” by Peter W. Williams

“Holy Martin: The Overlooked Canonization of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.,” by Scott W. Hoffman

“The Use of the New Testament in the American Slave Controversy: A Case History in the Hermeneutical Tension between Biblical Criticism and Christian Moral Debate,” by J. Albert Harrill

“The Sisters of the Holy Family and the Veil of Race,” by Tracy Fessenden


Winter 2000  Volume 10  Number 1

Forum: “Public Theology in Contemporary America,” with contributions by William Dean, Mark A. Noll, Mary Ferrell Bednarowski, and J. Bryan Hehir

“The Aura of Wellness: Subtle-Energy Healing and New Age Religion,” by Catherine L. Albanese

“The Difference Difference Makes: Justine Wise Polier and Religious Matching in Twentieth-Century Child Adoption,” by Ellen Herman

“Infallible Proofs, Both Human and Divine: The Persuasiveness of Mormonism for Early Converts,” by Steven C. Harper


Summer 1999  Volume 9  Number 2

Forum: “American Spirituality,” with contributions by Wade Clark Roof, Anne E. Patrick, Ronald L. Grimes, and Bill J. Leonard

“Entering the ‘Tent of Abraham’: Fraternal Ritual and American Jewish Identity, 1880- 1920,” by Daniel Soyer

“Liberators for Colonial Anahuac: A Rumination on North American Civil Religions,” by Randi Jones Walker

“The Poetic Uses of Religion in The Miraculous Day of Amalia Gomez,” by Luis Leon

“Counterculture and Mission: Jews for Jesus and the Vietnam Era Missionary Campaigns, 1970 – 1975,” by Yaakov Ariel


Winter 1999  Volume 9  Number 1

Forum: “Religion and American Autobiographical Writing,” with contributions by Susan Juster, John D. Barbour, Gary Comstock, and Richard Rabinowitz

“With Bible in One Hand and Battle-Axe in the Other: Carry A. Nation as Religious Performer and Self-Promoter,” by Frances Grace Carver

“‘We Have Heard the Joyful Sound’: Charles E. Fuller’s Radio Broadcast and the Rise of Modern Evangelicalism,” by Philip Goff

“The Pure American Woman and the Wicked Catholic Priest: An Analysis of Anti-Catholic Literature in Antebellum America,” by Marie Ann Pagliarini


Summer 1998  Volume 8  Number 2

Forum: “Southern Religion,” with contributions by Donald G. Mathews, Samuel S. Hill, Beth Barton Schweiger, and John S. Boles

Review Essay: “Religion in American Academic Life,” by Joel Carpenter

“‘To Form a More Perfect Union’: The Moral Example of Southern Baptist Thought and Education, 1890-1920,” by John M. Heffron

“Tares in the Wheat: Puritan Violence and Puritan Families in the Nineteenth-Century Liberal Imagination,” by Daniel P. Buchanan

“Mary Marshall Dyer, Gender, and A Portraiture of Shakerism,” by Elizabeth A. De Wolfe


Winter 1998  Volume 8  Number 1

Forum: “Interpreting Waco,” with contributions by Lawrence Foster, Joel W. Martin, David Chidester, and Nancy T. Ammerman

“Jewish GIs and the Creation of the JudeoChristian Tradition,” by Deborah Dash Moore

“‘Rational Amusement and Sound Instruction’: Constructing the True Catholic Woman,” by Penny Edgell Becker

“The Staking of the Monster: A Politics of Remonstrance,” by Ed Ingebretsen

“Trifling with Holy Time: Women and the Formation of the Calvinist Church of Worcester, Massachusetts, 1815 – 1820,” by Carolyn J. Lawes


Summer 1997  Volume 7  Number 2

“Conjure and Christianity: Religious Elements in Nineteenth-Century African-American Occultism,” by Yvonne Chireau

“Southern Baptists, Northern Evangelicals, and the Nature of Religious Alliances,” by Barry Hankins

“The Church Irrelevant: Paul Hanly Furfey and the Fortunes of American Catholic Radicalism,” by Eugene McCarraher

“Applying the Devil’s Work in a Holy Cause: Working Class Popular Culture and the Salvation Army in the United States, 1879 – 1900,” by Lillian Taiz

“‘Memorial Stones’: Death and the Geography of Womanhood in Heathen Women’s Friend, 1869 – 1879,” by Anne Blue Wills


Winter 1997  Volume 7  Number 1

Forum: “Neglected Resources in Scholarship,” with contributions by Theodore Dwight Bozeman, Giles Gunn, Peter J. Paris, and Anne C. Rose

“The Religious Construction of Masculinity in Victorian America: The Male Mediumship of John Shoebridge Williams,” by Bret E. Carroll

“The Scalabrini Fathers, the Italian Emigrant Church and Ethnic Nationalism in America,” by Peter R. D’Agostino

“Sentimental Catechism: Archbishop James Gibbons, Mass Print Culture, and American Literary History,” by James Emmett Ryan

“Character, Public School, and Religious Education, 1920-1934,” by Heather Warren


Summer 1996  Volume 6  Number 2

Forum: “Religious Communities,” with contributions by Kathleen Neils Conzen, Brooks Holifield, Harry Stout, and Michael Zuckerman

“Manna and Manual: Sacramental and Instrumental Constructions of Space in the Victorian Camp Meeting,” by Steven Cooley

“The Puritans as Founders: The Quest for Identity in Early Whig Rhetoric,” by Dean C. Hammer

“The New Divinity and Williams College, 1793-1836,” by David Kling

“Christians Love the Jews! Origins and Growth of American PhiloSemitism, 1790-1860,” by Robert K. Whalen


Winter 1996  Volume 6  Number 1

Editors’ Preface

“The Troubles with Harry: Freedom, America, and God in John Updike’s Rabbit Novels,” by Kyle A. Pasewark

“How Realistic Can a Catholic Writer Be? Richard Sullivan and American Catholic Literature,” by Una M. Cadegan

“Carnival of Shame: Doctorow and the Rosenbergs,” by Robert Detweiler

“In Memory of Cassie: Child Death and Religious Vision in American Women’s Novels,” by Ann-Janine Morey


Summer 1995  Volume 5  Number 2

“Gender and Religion in American Culture, 1870-1930,” by David G. Hackett

“Religion and Culture in Tension: The Abortion Discourses of the U.S. Catholic Bishops and the Southern Baptist Convention,” by Michele Dillon

“The Spiritual Labour of John Barnard: An Eighteenth-Century Artisan Constructs His Piety,” by Erik R. Seeman

“Fundamentalism and Folk Science between the Wars,” by Edward B. Davis

“A New Denominational Historiograph?” by John F. Wilson


Winter 1995  Volume 5  Number 1

Forum: “Female Experience in American Religion,” with contributions by Rosemary Skinner Keller, Ann Braude, Maureen Ursenbach Beecher, and Elizabeth Fox-Genovese

“The Holocaust, Second Generation Witness, and the Voluntary Covenant in American Judaism,” by Alan L. Berger

“‘Proclaiming Together’? Convergence and Divergence in Mainline and Evangelical Evangelism, 1945-1967,” by Thomas C. Berg

“Thomas Merton and the Religion of the Bomb,” by James J. Farrell

“The Ideal of Professionalism and the White Southern Baptist Ministry, 1870-1920,” by Paul Harvey


Summer 1994  Volume 4  Number 2

“The Easter Parade: Piety, Fashion, and Display,” by Leigh Eric Schmidt

“Vernacular American Landscape: Methodists, Camp Meetings, and Social Respectability,” by Roger Robins

“The Church and American Destiny: Evangelical Episcopalians and Voluntary Societies in Antebellum America,” by Diana Hochstedt Butler

“Racial Justice and the People of God: The Second Vatican Council, the Civil Rights Movement, and American Catholics,” by John T. McGreevy

“Song and Dance: Native American Religions and American History,” by Lawrence E. Sullivan


Winter 1994  Volume 4  Number 1

Forum: “American Civil Religion Revisited,” with contributions by Phillip E. Hammond, Amanda Porterfield, James G. Moseley, and Jonathan D. Sarna

“‘A True Revival of Religion’: Protestants and the San Francisco Graft Prosecutions,1906-1909,” by Douglas Firth Anderson

“Purgatory and the Powerful Dead: A Case Study of Native American Repatriation,” by Johnny P. Flynn and Gary Laderman

“The Power of Interpretation: The Revival of 1857-58 and the Historiography of Revivalism in America,” by Kathryn T. Long

“Mass Culture, UpperClass Culture, and the Decline of Church Discipline in the Evangelical South: The 1910 Case of the Godbold Mineral Well Hotel,” by Ted Ownby


Summer 1993  Volume 3  Number 2

“Religion: A Private Affair, in Public Affairs,” by Martin E. Marty

“‘Spiritual Warfare’: Cultural Fundamentalism and the Equal Rights Amendment,” by Donald G. Mathews

“The Godly Insurrection in Limestone County: Social Gospel, Populism, and Southern Culture in the Late Nineteenth Century,” by Richard C. Goode

“Women, Public Ministry, and American Fundamentalism, 1920-1950,” by Michael S. Hamilton

“From Spiritualism to Theosophy: ‘Uplifting’ a Democratic Tradition,” by Stephen Prothero

“‘Something Old, Something New, Something Borrowed, Something Left To Do’: Choosing a Textbook for Religion in America,” by Stephen J. Stein


Winter 1993  Volume 3  Number 1

Forum: “The Decade Ahead in Scholarship,” with contributions by Robert A. Orsi, George Marsden, David W. Wills, and Colleen McDannell

“Imaging Protestant Piety: The Icons of Warner Sallman,” by David Morgan

“Sociological Christianity and Christian Sociology: The Paradox of Early American Sociology,” by Susan E. Henking

“Mary Lyon, the Founding of Mount Holyoke College, and the Cultural Revival of Jonathan Edwards,” by Joseph A. Conforti

“Religion in the United States: Notes Toward a New Classification,” by Julia Mitchell Corbett


Summer 1992  Volume 2  Number 2

“Creation, Evolution, and Holy Ghost Religion: Holiness and Pentecostal Responses to Darwinism, ” by Ronald L. Numbers

“Representative Emersons: Versions of American Identity,” by David L. Smith

“The Apocalyptic Origins of Churches of Christ and the Triumph of Modernism,” by Richard T. Hughes

“The Early Years of the Jewish Presence at the University of Illinois,” by Winton U. Solberg


Winter 1992  Volume 2  Number 1

Forum: “Sources of Personal Identity: Religion, Ethnicity, and the American Cultural Situation,” with contributions by Robert Wuthnow, Martin E. Marty, Philip Gleason, and Deborah Dash Moore

“Benevolent Calvinism and the Moral Government of God: The Influence of Nathaniel W. Taylor on Revivalism in the Second Great Awakening,” by William R. Sutton

“The Troubled Soul of the Academy: American Learning and the Problem of Religious Studies,” by D. G. Hart

“Lemuel Haynes and the Revolutionary Origins of Black Theology, 1776-1801,” by John Saillant

“Witchcraft and the Colonization of Algonquian and Iroquois Cultures,” by Amanda Porterfield


Summer 1991  Volume 1  Number 2

Forum: “The Decline of Mainline Religion in American Culture,” with contributions by William R. Hutchison, Catherine L. Albanese, Max L. Stackhouse, and William McKinney

“The Private Hopes of American Fundamentalists and Evangelicals, 1925-1975,” by David Harrington Watt

“Saving the Children by Killing Them: Redemptive Sacrifice in the Ideologies of Jim Jones and Ronald Reagan,” by David Chidester

“The New Infidelity: Northern Protestant Clergymen and the Critique of Progress, 1840-1855,” by Mark Y. Hanley

“John Eliot and the Millennium,” by Richard W. Cogley


Winter 1991  Volume 1  Number 1

Editors’ Introduction

Review Essay: “The Encyclopedia of the American Religious Experience,” by David Brion Davis

“Prophecy, Gender, and Culture: Ellen Gould Harmon [White] and the Roots of Seventh-day Adventism,” by Jonathan M. Butler

“Subverting Eden: Ambiguity of Evil and the American Dream in Blue Velvet,” by Irena Makarushka

“Religion and the American Public Philosophy,” by William Dean

“Authoritarian or Authority Minded? The Cognitive Commitments of Fundamentalists and the Christian Right,” by Dennis E. Owen, Kenneth D. Wald, and Samuel S. Hill

“The Incorporation of American Religion: The Case of the Presbyterians,” by Louis Weeks

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Religion and American Culture: A Journal of Interpretation